In 2004, Ghana adopted the Gender and Children Policy to promote the welfare, survival, development and protection of women by mainstreaming gender into the national development process. The 2012 Forest and Wildlife Policy emphasises the need to mainstream gender into forest management activities (Section 1.1.13) and to build capacity of women (Strategic Direction 5.2.1(a)). A large number of customary communities in southern Ghana are matrilineal. However, the number of women in decision-making processes in the context of REDD+ and national policy is still low and capacity still seems low as well (Yeboah 2013).
Ghana's 2010 R-PP mentions that special consideration must be given to gender pursuant to FCPF guidelines (Subcomponent 2d on the social and environmental impacts of REDD+).
During Ghana’s REDD+ readiness phase, the road map calls for a number of action points including the creation of a gender and forest task force, for gender considerations to be mainstreamed into the revised policy and legislative framework, for the capacity of women and women’s organisations to be built and/or strengthened, for REDD+ to deliver gender-sensitive and equitable benefit-sharing schemes, for gender-sensitive safeguards to be established as part of SESA, for the enhancement of the capacity of women to engage in MRV. In March 2015, Ghana inaugurated a cross-sectoral sub-working group on gender and REDD+ to enhance women’s participation and contribution in the REDD+ process.
During the implementation and management phase of REDD+, the road map calls for gender to be mainstreamed into information and communication systems, for equal opportunities to be created for women and men, for effective institutional collaboration at all levels, for gender considerations to be fully integrated into the forest sector and REDD+, for women to be adequately represented and for the participation of women and vulnerable groups to be enhanced and effective, and for the advancement of women’s rights in the forest sector.