Forestry Commission

Front view of Forestry Commission's Corporate Office showing an Aviary.

Published: Friday, 24 June 2016

Measurement, Monitoring and Reporting

Monitoring refers to the process of gathering feedback on the outcomes of the implementation of REDD+ activities. The information collected will enable countries to monitor the outcomes of the policies and measures designed and deployed to support the implementation of REDD+.

The Measurement, Reporting and Verification of greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks is referred to as MRV. Measurement is the process of estimating anthropogenic forest-related emissions by sources and removals by sinks; forest carbon stocks; and changes in forest carbon stocks and forest area resulting from the implementation of REDD+ activities, following guidance and guidelines from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Under the UNFCCC, countries are expected to report these estimates to the UNFCCC Secretariat through an annex to their Biennial Update Reports (BURs) in a transparent and timely manner. The UNFCCC Secretariat then coordinates a process of verification of the estimates by a team of independent technical experts in Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF). 

Under the UNFCCC, MRV systems are used to measure greenhouse gas emissions reductions and removals by sinks, including those resulting from the implementation of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), which includes carbon accounting from any mitigation sector, and REDD+, which focuses only on mitigation in the forestry sector.

According to the Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP), Ghana intends to establish an MRV system by the end of 2013. The system will monitor forest cover and carbon emissions using remote sensing technology and ground truthing information (FORESTRY COMMISSION, 2010). The MRV system is the responsibility of a Sub-Working Group under the National REDD+ Technical Working Group (FORESTRY COMMISSION, 2010a). Discussions by the Sub-Working Group are ongoing on how best to develop an effective MRV system (FORESTRY COMMISSION, 2013). The existing National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventory database of the National Communication programme, within the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), for estimating historic emissions will be used for developing the MRV and carbon accounting system.

The Remote Sensing & Forest Inventory Unit of the Forestry Commission and the Centre for Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems (CERSGIS) at the University of Ghana will be key collaborators in the design of the MRV and carbon accounting system. The Forestry Commission will also be monitoring land use and land use changes, implementing forest inventories and compiling tree measurements in Ghana through its Climate Change Unit and Resource Management Support Centre.

As well as this, a Ghana Carbon Map Project was developed through collaboration between several international NGO and academic organisations, which estimates carbon stores of biomass in Ghana in order to improve reporting of carbon emissions (FOREST TRENDS, 2009).

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