Forestry Commission

Front view of Forestry Commission's Corporate Office showing an Aviary.

Published: Friday, 24 June 2016

The legal framework in Ghana has been identified as having gaps, including weak regulatory mechanisms and legislation on rights (FORESTRY COMMISSION, 2010). Clarification over existing land and definitions of carbon rights should be prioritised (according to a REDD Opportunities Scoping Exercise, FOREST TRENDS, 2010).

 While there are not yet specific law(s) for REDD+, some existing laws provide the legal framework for the functioning of Ghana's REDD+ efforts, such as Ghana's 1992 Constitution, which provides a formula for sharing all natural resource revenues, and the Timber Resources Management Regulations that came into force in 1998, which provides guidance for the granting of timber rights. Other laws include the Forests Protection Decree and the Trees and Timber Act, which specify rules on felling and harvesting trees in addition to setting out forest offences; the Forest Development Plantation Fund and the Forestry Commission Act.

At the international level, Ghana ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1995 and the Kyoto Protocol in May 2003. Ghana is also signatory to the UN Convention for Combating Desertification (UNCCD) and the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), in addition to endorsing Guidelines for Tropical Forest Management of the International Tropical Timber Organization, the Rio Declaration and Forest Principles, the African Convention on Wildlife Conservation and the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

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